OSHA Training Requirements - Power Transmission and Distribution
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1926.950 – 1926.960 – Power Transmission and Distribution
1926.950 – General Requirements
(d) – De-energizing lines and equipment.
(1) When deenergizing lines and equipment operated in excess of 600 volts, and the means of disconnecting from electric energy is not visibly open or visibly locked out, the provisions of subdivisions (i) through (vii) of this subparagraph shall be complied with:
(ii) Notification and assurance from the designated employee [defined in this Subpart as a qualified person delegated to perform specific duties under the conditions existing] shall be obtained that asserts that:
(a) All switches and disconnectors through which electric energy may be supplied to the particular section of line or equipment to be worked have been deenergized;
(b) All switches and disconnectors are plainly tagged indicating that men are at work;
(c) And that where design of such switches and disconnectors permits, they have been rendered inoperable.
(vi) When more than one independent crew requires the same line or equipment to be deenergized, a prominent tag for each such independent crew shall be placed on the line or equipment by the designated employee in charge.
(vii) Upon completion of work on deenergized lines or equipment, each designated employee in charge shall determine that all employees in his crew are clear, that protective grounds installed by his crew have been removed, and he shall report to the designated authority that all tags protecting his crew may be removed.
(2)(ii) – Upon completion of work on deenergized lines or equipment, each designated employee in charge shall determine that all employees in his crew are clear, that protective grounds installed by his crew have been removed, and he shall report to the designated authority that all tags protecting his crew may be removed.
(e) – Emergency procedures and first aid.
(1) – The employer shall provide training or require that his employees are knowledgeable and proficient in:
(i) – Procedures involving emergency situations, and
(ii) – First-aid fundamentals including resuscitation.
(2) – In lieu of paragraph (e)(1) of this section the employer may comply with the provisions of 1926.50(c) regarding first-aid requirements.
1926.952 – Mechanical Equipment
(c) – Cranes and other lifting equipment.
1926.955 – Overhead Lines
(b)(3)(i) – A designated employee [defined in this Subpart as a qualified person delegated to perform specific duties under the conditions existing] shall be used in directing mobile equipment adjacent to footing excavations.
(b)(8) – A designated employee shall be utilized to determine that required clearance is maintained in moving equipment under or near energized lines.
(d)(1) – Prior to stringing parallel to an existing energized transmission line a competent determination shall be made to ascertain whether dangerous induced voltage buildups will occur, particularly during switching and ground fault conditions. When there is a possibility that such dangerous induced voltage may exist the employer shall comply with the provisions of paragraphs (d) (2) through (9) of this section in addition to the provisions of paragraph (c) of this 1926.955, unless the line is worked as energized.
(e)(1) – Employees shall be instructed and trained in the live-line bare-hand technique and the safety requirements pertinent thereto before being permitted to use the technique on energized circuits.
(e)(4) – All work shall be personally supervised by a person trained and qualified to perform live-line bare-hand work.
1926.956 – Underground Lines
(b)(1) – While work is being performed in manholes, an employee shall be available in the immediate vicinity to render emergency assistance as may be required. This shall not preclude the employee in the immediate vicinity from occasionally entering a manhole to provide assistance, other than emergency. This requirement does not preclude a qualified employee, working alone, from entering for brief periods of time, a manhole where energized cables or equipment are in service, for the purpose of inspection, housekeeping, taking readings, or similar work if such work can be performed safely.
(c)(2) – Trenching and excavation operations shall comply with 1926.651 and 1926.652.
1926.957 – Construction in Energized Substations
(a)(1) – When construction work is performed in an energized substation, authorization shall be obtained from the designated, authorized person [defined in this Subpart as a qualified person delegated to perform specific duties under the conditions existing] before work is started.
(d)(1) – Work on or adjacent to energized control panels shall be performed by designated employees.
(e)(1) – Use of vehicles, gin poles, cranes, and other equipment in restricted or hazardous areas shall at all times be controlled by designated employees.
1926.960 – Definitions Applicable to This Subpart
(o) – Designated employee. The term means a qualified person delegated to perform specific duties under the conditions existing.
(ll) – Qualified person. The term means a person who by reason of experience or training is familiar with the operation to be performed and the hazards involved.